Bureau of Labor Statistics

One of the best places to find U.S. employment data, no matter what field you’re in, is the Bureau of Labor Statistics.  This federal agency collects, analyses and distributes data about all aspects of employment, and released updated information on a regular basis.

Their Occupational Outlook Handbook details the following info about geoscientists:

Occupational Employment Statistics for 19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers

(According to BLS Occupational Employment Statistics, May 2015)

As of May 2015, there were 31,800 employees in this category in the US, with an average annual salary of $105,720.  Actual salaries ranged from $47,250 to $127,420.

Over 8,000 of those people worked in the Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services industry, another 6,460 in Oil and Gas Extraction, and 5,060 in Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services.

Geoscientists are concentrated in a few states, including Texas, California, Colorado, Oklahoma, and Washington.